The History of TMTMC in relation with the social events

The History of TMTMC in relation with the social events

The history of our center and the important social events are summarized in the chronological table below.

The History of TMTMCin relation with the social events

The History of Children/Persons with SMID in postwar Japan The history of TMTMC
Pivotal nationwide and social events relate to SMID Year Tokyo Metropolitan Government Year TMTMC
Dr. Teijyu Kobayashi started medical care and consultation for children with SMID at Japan Red Cross Maternity Hospital (Shibuya, Tokyo). 1946 1946
Child Welfare Act enforcement under the new constitution of postwar Japan. 1948 1948
Dr. Kobayashi launched “Gathering of Parents with SMID Children” which served later as a basis for “Nationwide Association for Children (Persons) with Severe Physical and Intellectual Disabilities”. 1955 1955
Japan National Council of Social Welfare created “a task force for children with SMID”, which was prompted by Dr. Kobayashi’s appeal. 1958 1958
“Akitsu Ryoiku-en” was established as a hospital for children with SMID by Kumakichi Kusano at Higashimurayama, Tokyo.
“Shimada Ryoiku-en (Shimada Ryoiku Center)” was opened as the first-ever facility for SMID children in Japan at Tama, Tokyo. (The first director: Dr. Teijyu Kobayashi) 1961 1961
The unprecedent government subsidization for “Shimada Ryoiku-en” as a facility for SMID children. (\4,000,000)
“Biwako-gakuen (Daiichi Biwako-gakuen)”, the second facility for SMID children in Japan, was founded by Kazuo Itoga at Kusatsu, Shiga. 1963 1963
Tsutomu Mizukami (a celebrated writer) contributed his opinion about SMID children to a widely read magazine, which caused a stir in society and government.
The vice-minister of Health and Welfare issued the circular notice about ryoiku for children with SMID: a part of expense for the children’s hospitalization came to be assisted by public.
“Nationwide Association for Children (Peaple) with Severe Physical and Intellectual Disabilities” was formed. 1964 1964
At the prime minister’s office, a social gathering about SMID children was held.
At Tokyo Metropolitan City Hall, a social gathering about SMID children with the Governor was held.
“Akitsu Ryoiku-en” was converted to a facility for children with SMID. 1965 1965
Appels at the second annual conference of the C/P with SMID Assn. led to the following-year conversion of national sanatoriums into facilities for children with SMID.
C/P with SMID Assn. turned into social welfare corporation. 1966 1966
Revision of Child Welfare Act: facilities for SMID children was positioned under the law. 1967 1967
“Murasaki-Aiikuen” was established in National Rehabilitation Center for Children with Disabilities. (Itabashi, Tokyo)
1968 Tokyo Metropolitan Fuchu Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Fuchu, Tokyo) 1968
Basic Act for Countermeasures Concerning Mentally and Physically Handicapped Persons was enacted. 1969 1969
Day care service for handicapped children was launched. 1972 1972
1974 Tokyo metropolitan government made school for handicapped children obligatory. (The nation’s first) 1974
A study group as the basis of “Japanese Society on Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities” was inaugurated. 1975 1975
“Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons” was adopted at UN.
The vice-minister of Health and Welfare issued the circular notice about emergency protection for home-care persons with SMID: the persons, whose guardians get less able to fulfill their roles, are given immediate protection. 1976 1976
“International Year of the Child” 1979 1979
School for handicapped children was incorporated into the compulsory education system by the Government.
“International Year of Disabled Persons” 1981 1981
“UN Decade of Disabled Persons” started. 1983 1983
Physically Disabled Persons Welfare Act was revised: the ideal of the law was adjusted and persons with SMID became included.
Disability basic pension system was established. 1986 1986
Model project of day-care service for SMID persons started.
Eight Acts related to welfare were amended: welfare service at home was established by law, etc.
1990 1990
1992 Tokyo Metropolitan Higashiyamato Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Higashiyamato, Tokyo) 1992
“The Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons” started 1993 1993
Basic Act for Persons with Disabilities was enacted: Basic Act for Countermeasures Concerning Mentally and Physically Handicapped Persons was revised and renamed.
1994 Tokyo Metropolitan Kita Medical and Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped, Jhonan Branch (Ota, Tokyo) started day-care service for persons with SMID. 1994 TMTMC was planned as a new project.
1995 Jhohoku Branch (Adachi, Tokyo) of Tokyo Metropolitan Kita Medical and Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped began day-care service for SMID persons. 1995
1996 Yotsugi Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Katsushika, Tokyo) 1996
1997 In Tokyo Metropolitan Kita Medical and Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped, wards for children with SMID was added. (Kita Tokyo) 1997
1998 The basis to evaluate facilities and services for disabled children was developed by TMG. 1998
Social Welfare Act was enforced: social service system changed from administrative decision to individual contract, private social welfare operation was approved, etc.
Child Abuse Prevention Act, Barrier-Free Transportation Act came into effect.
2000 2000 The plan of TMTMC took shape at the committee about Tokyo Metropolitan facilities for children with SMID: (1) a comprehensive ryoiku center, (2) a hub of support service for the disabled being cared for at home, (3) specialized ryoiku service for children with very SMID, (4) cooperation with local community.
Civil Code Revision Act was implemented: adult guardianship system, etc.
Social service system for the disabled changed from administrative decision to assistance benefit supply. 2002 2002 Entrusting TMTMC’s operation to a private social welfare corporation was accepted at the committee about operation for child welfare facilities.
2004 2004 The management of TMTMC by C/P with SMID Assn. as a designated administrator was approved by the Metropolitan Assembly.
The preparatory office for establishing TMTMC was set up at TMG No.1 building. (The first director, Dr. Masataka Arima)
Implementation of Act on Support for Persons with Development Disabilities: the developmental disabled excluding the intellectual disabled was legally defined and support for them became available. 2005 Tokyo Metropolitan Tobu Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Koto, Tokyo) 2005 The opening ceremony was held with attendance of the Governor of Tokyo in November.
Parts of services at TMTMC started in December.
Service and Support for Persons with Disabilities Act was enforced: service system was changed from assistance benefit supply to benefit principle, services became provided at the municipal level, unification of physical, intellectual, and mental disabilities. 2006 2006 TMTMC wholly went into practice in April.
TMTMC’s PR magazine was first published.
2007 2007 A branch of Bokuto Special-needs School was opened and visiting class started. E-mail newsletter service began.
2008 2008 Day-care service for infants and preschooler was launched.
Amendment of Basic Act for Persons with Disabilities: instead of benefit principle, ability-to-pay principle was employed. 2012 2012 MRI was installed.
Enforcement of Person with Disabilities Abuse Prevention Act. 2013 2013 Department of child neurology was added.
Comprehensive Services and Supports for Persons with Disabilities Act went into operation: independence of the disabled became to be supported.
The ratification of Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. 2014 2014 Dr. Makiko Kaga took office as the second director.
Dr. Masataka Arima became the Honorary director of TMTMC.
2015 2015 Tenth anniversary ceremony
Disability Discrimination Act took effect.
Revised Handicapped Persons' Employment Promotion Act was implemented.
2016 2016
2017 2017
2018 2018 Hosting Japan Society of SMID (President :Dr.Yuji Iwasaki, Vice Diector)
The History of Children/Persons with SMID in postwar Japan
Pivotal nationwide and social events relate to SMID Year Tokyo Metropolitan Government
Dr. Teijyu Kobayashi started medical care and consultation for children with SMID at Japan Red Cross Maternity Hospital (Shibuya, Tokyo). 1946
Child Welfare Act enforcement under the new constitution of postwar Japan. 1948
Dr. Kobayashi launched “Gathering of Parents with SMID Children” which served later as a basis for “Nationwide Association for Children (Persons) with Severe Physical and Intellectual Disabilities”. 1955
Japan National Council of Social Welfare created “a task force for children with SMID”, which was prompted by Dr. Kobayashi’s appeal. 1958
“Akitsu Ryoiku-en” was established as a hospital for children with SMID by Kumakichi Kusano at Higashimurayama, Tokyo.
“Shimada Ryoiku-en (Shimada Ryoiku Center)” was opened as the first-ever facility for SMID children in Japan at Tama, Tokyo. (The first director: Dr. Teijyu Kobayashi) 1961
The unprecedent government subsidization for “Shimada Ryoiku-en” as a facility for SMID children. (\4,000,000)
“Biwako-gakuen (Daiichi Biwako-gakuen)”, the second facility for SMID children in Japan, was founded by Kazuo Itoga at Kusatsu, Shiga. 1963
Tsutomu Mizukami (a celebrated writer) contributed his opinion about SMID children to a widely read magazine, which caused a stir in society and government.
The vice-minister of Health and Welfare issued the circular notice about ryoiku for children with SMID: a part of expense for the children’s hospitalization came to be assisted by public.
“Nationwide Association for Children (Peaple) with Severe Physical and Intellectual Disabilities” was formed. 1964
At the prime minister’s office, a social gathering about SMID children was held.
At Tokyo Metropolitan City Hall, a social gathering about SMID children with the Governor was held.
“Akitsu Ryoiku-en” was converted to a facility for children with SMID. 1965
Appels at the second annual conference of the C/P with SMID Assn. led to the following-year conversion of national sanatoriums into facilities for children with SMID.
C/P with SMID Assn. turned into social welfare corporation. 1966
Revision of Child Welfare Act: facilities for SMID children was positioned under the law. 1967
“Murasaki-Aiikuen” was established in National Rehabilitation Center for Children with Disabilities. (Itabashi, Tokyo)
1968 Tokyo Metropolitan Fuchu Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Fuchu, Tokyo)
Basic Act for Countermeasures Concerning Mentally and Physically Handicapped Persons was enacted. 1969
Day care service for handicapped children was launched. 1972
1974 Tokyo metropolitan government made school for handicapped children obligatory. (The nation’s first)
A study group as the basis of “Japanese Society on Severe Motor and Intellectual Disabilities” was inaugurated. 1975
“Declaration on the Rights of Disabled Persons” was adopted at UN.
The vice-minister of Health and Welfare issued the circular notice about emergency protection for home-care persons with SMID: the persons, whose guardians get less able to fulfill their roles, are given immediate protection. 1976
“International Year of the Child” 1979
School for handicapped children was incorporated into the compulsory education system by the Government.
“International Year of Disabled Persons” 1981
“UN Decade of Disabled Persons” started. 1983
Physically Disabled Persons Welfare Act was revised: the ideal of the law was adjusted and persons with SMID became included.
Disability basic pension system was established. 1986
Model project of day-care service for SMID persons started.
Eight Acts related to welfare were amended: welfare service at home was established by law, etc.
1990
1992 Tokyo Metropolitan Higashiyamato Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Higashiyamato, Tokyo)
“The Asian and Pacific Decade of Disabled Persons” started 1993
Basic Act for Persons with Disabilities was enacted: Basic Act for Countermeasures Concerning Mentally and Physically Handicapped Persons was revised and renamed.
1994 Tokyo Metropolitan Kita Medical and Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped, Jhonan Branch (Ota, Tokyo) started day-care service for persons with SMID.
1995 Jhohoku Branch (Adachi, Tokyo) of Tokyo Metropolitan Kita Medical and Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped began day-care service for SMID persons.
1996 Yotsugi Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Katsushika, Tokyo)
1997 In Tokyo Metropolitan Kita Medical and Rehabilitation Center for the Handicapped, wards for children with SMID was added. (Kita Tokyo)
1998 The basis to evaluate facilities and services for disabled children was developed by TMG.
Social Welfare Act was enforced: social service system changed from administrative decision to individual contract, private social welfare operation was approved, etc.
Child Abuse Prevention Act, Barrier-Free Transportation Act came into effect.
2000
Civil Code Revision Act was implemented: adult guardianship system, etc.
Social service system for the disabled changed from administrative decision to assistance benefit supply. 2002
2004
Implementation of Act on Support for Persons with Development Disabilities: the developmental disabled excluding the intellectual disabled was legally defined and support for them became available. 2005 Tokyo Metropolitan Tobu Medical Center for the Severely Disabled was opened. (Koto, Tokyo)
Service and Support for Persons with Disabilities Act was enforced: service system was changed from assistance benefit supply to benefit principle, services became provided at the municipal level, unification of physical, intellectual, and mental disabilities. 2006
2007
2008
Amendment of Basic Act for Persons with Disabilities: instead of benefit principle, ability-to-pay principle was employed. 2012
Enforcement of Person with Disabilities Abuse Prevention Act. 2013
Comprehensive Services and Supports for Persons with Disabilities Act went into operation: independence of the disabled became to be supported.
The ratification of Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. 2014
2015
Disability Discrimination Act took effect.
Revised Handicapped Persons' Employment Promotion Act was implemented.
2016
2017
2018
The history of TMTMC
Year TMTMC
1946
1948
1955
1958
1961
1963
1964
1965
1966
1967
1968
1969
1972
1974
1975
1976
1979
1981
1983
1986
1990
1992
1993
1994 TMTMC was planned as a new project.
1995
1996
1997
1998
2000 The plan of TMTMC took shape at the committee about Tokyo Metropolitan facilities for children with SMID: (1) a comprehensive ryoiku center, (2) a hub of support service for the disabled being cared for at home, (3) specialized ryoiku service for children with very SMID, (4) cooperation with local community.
2002 Entrusting TMTMC’s operation to a private social welfare corporation was accepted at the committee about operation for child welfare facilities.
2004 The management of TMTMC by C/P with SMID Assn. as a designated administrator was approved by the Metropolitan Assembly.
The preparatory office for establishing TMTMC was set up at TMG No.1 building. (The first director, Dr. Masataka Arima)
2005 The opening ceremony was held with attendance of the Governor of Tokyo in November.
Parts of services at TMTMC started in December.
2006 TMTMC wholly went into practice in April.
TMTMC’s PR magazine was first published.
2007 A branch of Bokuto Special-needs School was opened and visiting class started. E-mail newsletter service began.
2008 Day-care service for infants and preschooler was launched.
2012 MRI was installed.
2013 Department of child neurology was added.
2014 Dr. Makiko Kaga took office as the second director.
Dr. Masataka Arima became the Honorary director of TMTMC.
2015 Tenth anniversary ceremony
2016
2017
2018 Hosting Japan Society of SMID (President :Dr.Yuji Iwasaki, Vice Diector)
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